Journal article
Synthesis and SWOT analysis of date palm frond ash–Portland cement composites


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Author list: Muhammad Nasir, Walid Al-Kutti, Tarek S. Kayed, Adeyemi Adesina, and Tamara Chernykh
Publisher: Springer Verlag (Germany)
Publication year: 2021
Journal: Environmental Science and Pollution Research
Journal acronym: ESPR
ISSN: 0944-1344
Web of Science ID:
PubMed ID: 33860428
Scopus ID: 85104788013
eISSN: 1614-7499


Environmental threats posed by the cement manufacturing industry and agro-industrial waste discharge have shifted the direction of research towards building sustainable construction without compromising the technical merits of the developed binders. Date palm trees are one of the highest numbers of trees in the world whose generated wastes can be beneficially recycled and reused by the concrete industry. In this study, ordinary Portland cement (OPC) and date palm frond ash (DPFA)-based binders were synthesized by varying ratio of DPFA/(OPC + DPFA) between the range of 0 to 0.3 at an interval of 0.1. Both base materials were characterized by physical, chemical, and thermal techniques. The developed binders were assessed by flow, setting time, and compressive strength up to 360 days of curing. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was performed to complement the strength results. It is postulated that the DPFA/(OPC + DPFA) ratio of up to 0.2 outperforms the DPFA-free binder in terms of the overall performance. The properties of binders were negatively affected by the total precursor composition ratio of CaO/SiO2 and Al2O3/SiO2 below 2.06 and 0.18, respectively. The optimum synergy of OPC–DPFA resulted in superior microstructural density attributed to the uniform skeletal framework of gel products. Strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats analysis of the use of DPFA in cementitious materials showed that there is a high potential for its use in terms of sustainability and economic benefits. However, various weaknesses and threats associated with the use of DPFA as a cementitious material need to be resolved.


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Last updated on 2021-06-05 at 11:10