Journal article
Delivery, fate and physiological effect of engineered cobalt ferrite nanoparticles in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.)

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Publication Details
Author list: Huseyin Tombuloglu, Yassine Slimani, Thamer Marhoon AlShammari, Guzin Tombuloglu, Munirah A. Almessiere, Huseyin Sozeri, Abdulhadi Baykal, and Ismail Ercan
Publisher: Elsevier
Publication year: 2021
Journal: Chemosphere
Journal name in source: Chemosphere
Volume number: 265
Issue number: February 2021
Start page: 1
End page: 13
Number of pages: 13
ISSN: 0045-6535
Web of Science ID: 000603465000107
PubMed ID: 33279234
Scopus ID: 85097404923
eISSN: 1879-1298

Cobalt ferrite nanoparticles (CoFe2O4 NPs) have received increasing attention in a widespread application. This work examines the fate and impact of terbium (Tb) substituted CoFe2O4 NPs on the growth, physiological indices, and magnetic character of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). Sonochemically synthesized NPs were hydroponically applied on barley with changing doses (125–1000 mg/L) at germination and seedling (three weeks) stages. Results revealed a significant reduction in germination rate (∼37% at 1000 mg/L); however, a remarkable growth (∼38–65%) and biomass (∼72–133%) increase were detected at three weeks of exposure (p < 0.05). The elements that make up the NPs (i.e., Tb, Co, and Fe) increased significantly in both root and leaf tissues, indicating the translocation of NPs from the root to leaf. Vibrating-sample magnetometer (VSM) analysis confirmed this finding, where magnetic signals in the root and leaf samples of the control were respectively about 26 and 75 times lower than that of NPs-treated tissues. Also, the accumulation of NPs altered the leaf photoluminescence (PL) behavior, which may have contributed to the biomass increase. Overall, Tb-doped CoFe2O4 NPs translocate from root-to-leaf and enhance plant growth, possibly due to i) incorporation of iron within tissues, and ii) changes in photoluminescence. However, since its effects on other living things are not known yet, its agricultural use and release to nature should be considered well.

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Last updated on 2021-17-03 at 14:41