Journal article
Seroprevalence of rubella virus among pregnant women: A 4-year registered-based study from family medicine and obstetric clinics in Saudi Arabia


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Publication Details
Author list: Nouf A. AlShamlan, Reem S. AlOmar, Amani S. AlOtaibi, Omar Y. Almukhadhib, Abeer A. AlShamlan, Abdullah H. Alreedy, Najwa A. Zabeeri, Magdy A. Darwish, and Malak A. Al Shammri
Publisher: Wiley: 12 months
Publication year: 2021
Journal: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Journal name in source: International Journal of Clinical Practice
ISSN: 1368-5031
Web of Science ID:
PubMed ID: 33743553
Scopus ID: 85103138852


Objectives

This study aimed to determine rubella virus infectivity and immune status in pregnant females who visited the family medicine and obstetrics clinics at a large hospital in Saudi Arabia, and to identify the possible predictors of rubella susceptibility.

Methods

This registered‐based, cross‐sectional study included pregnant, aged between 18 and 50 years old, who presented for the first antenatal visit between 2017 and 2020. Data on sociodemographic, antenatal characteristics and serological results were collected. Chi‐Squared or Fisher's Exact test and t tests were used for bivariate analysis followed by the multivariable logistic regression model.

Results

A total of 4328 pregnant were included in the study. Seroprevalence of rubella immunity was 76.41%. Positive rubella IgM antibody was identified in 1.21% of those who performed the test (17/1409). Odds of susceptibility were decreased with an increase in age (OR = 0.96, 95% CI = 0.95‐0.97) and in non‐Saudis’ (OR = 0.44, 95% CI = 0.36‐0.54).

Conclusions

Approximately 24% of pregnant were susceptible to rubella virus infections in this study. Screening females of child‐bearing age and reimmunisation of susceptible cases before pregnancy are suggested. Further studies to investigate the impact of applying this policy in premarital screening are recommended.


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Last updated on 2021-11-04 at 14:13