Journal article
Chest radiological findings and clinical characteristics of laboratory-confirmed covid-19 patients from Saudi Arabia


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Publication Details
Author list: Rowa Aljondi, Salem Alghamdi, Abdulrahman Tajaldeen, Ikhlas Abdelaziz, Lubna Bushara, Hind A. Alghamdi, Hassan Alhinishi, Bandar Alharbi, Raied Alshehri, Abdullah Aljehani, and Mansour Almotairi
Publisher: Medical Science International Publishing / International Scientific Literature, Inc.
Publication year: 2021
Journal name in source: Medical Science Monitor
Journal acronym: MSM
Volume number: 27
ISSN: 1234-1010
Web of Science ID:
PubMed ID:
Scopus ID: 85111611788
eISSN: 1643-3750


BACKGROUND
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a viral respiratory disease that first emerged in China in December 2019 and quickly spread worldwide. As the prevalence of COVID-19 increases, radiological examination is becoming an essential diagnostic tool for identifying and managing the disease’s progression. Therefore, we aimed to identify the chest imaging features and clinical characteristics of patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
In this retrospective study, data of laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 patients were collected from 4 hospitals in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Their common clinical characteristics, as well as imaging features of chest X-rays and computed tomography (CT) images, were analyzed.
RESULTS
A total of 297 patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 who underwent chest imaging were investigated in this study. Of these patients, 77.9% were male and 22.2% were female. Their mean age was 48 years old. The most common clinical symptoms were fever (187 patients; 63%) and cough (174 patients; 58.6%). The predominant descriptive chest imaging findings were ground-glass opacities and consolidation. Locations of abnormalities were bilateral, mainly distributed peripherally, in the lower lung zones, and in the middle lung zones.
CONCLUSIONS
This study provides an understanding of the most common clinical and radiological features of patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia. The majority of COVID-19 patients in our study cohort had either stable or worse progression of lung lesions during follow-ups; thus, they presented moderate disease cases. Elderly males were more affected by COVID-19 than females, with fever and cough being the most common clinical symptoms.


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Keywords
RADIOGRAPHY

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Last updated on 2021-24-08 at 11:15