Journal article
The design of fluoroquinolone-based cholinesterase inhibitors: Synthesis, biological evaluation and in silico docking studies


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Author list: MuhammadMansha, MuhammadTaha, El Hassane Anouar, Nisar Ullah
Publisher: Elsevier: Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No-Derivatives License / Elsevier
Publication year: 2021
Journal: Arabian Journal of Chemistry
Journal name in source: Arabian Journal of Chemistry
Volume number: 14
Issue number: 7
Start page: 1
End page: 14
Number of pages: 14
ISSN: 1878-5352
Web of Science ID: 000669039500009
PubMed ID:
Scopus ID: 85110270350
eISSN: 1878-5379


An enhanced acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity is a hallmark in early stages of Alzheimer's ailment that results in decreased acetylcholine (ACh) levels, which in turn leads to cholinergic dysfunction and neurodegeneration. Consequently, inhibition of both AChE and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) is important to prolong ACh activity in synapses for the enhanced cholinergic neurotransmission. In this study, a series of new fluoroquinolone derivatives (7a-m) have synthesized and evaluated for AChE and BChE inhibitory activities. The screening results suggested that 7 g bearing ortho fluorophenyl was the most active inhibitor against both AChE and BChE, exhibiting IC50 values of 0.70 ± 0.10 µM and 2.20 ± 0.10 µM, respectively. The structure–activity relationship (SAR) revealed that compounds containing electronegative functions (F, Cl, OMe, N and O) at the ortho position of the phenyl group exhibited higher activities as compared to their meta- and/or para substituted counterparts. Molecular docking studies of synthesized compounds 7a, 7g, 7j and 7l docked into the active site of AChE and 7a-f docked into the active site of BChE revealed that these compounds exhibited conventional H-bonding along with π-π interaction with the active residues of AChE through their electronegative functions and phenyl ring, respectively. All the synthesized compounds are characterized by spectroscopic methods including FT-IR, 1H- and 13C NMR as well as elemental analysis. This is the first example of fluoroquinolone-based cholinesterase inhibitors.


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Last updated on 2021-14-11 at 09:04