Journal article
Zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in Saudi Arabia: The incrimination of Phlebotomus papatasi as the vector in the Al-Hassa oasis


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Author list: KILLICKKENDRICK R, LEANEY AJ, PETERS W, RIOUX JA, BRAY RS
Publisher: Elsevier / Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy B - Oxford Open Option B
Publication year: 1985
Journal: Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Journal name in source: TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE
Volume number: 79
Issue number: 2
Start page: 252
End page: 255
Number of pages: 4
ISSN: 0035-9203
Web of Science ID: A1985AHG8900025
PubMed ID: 4002297
Scopus ID: 0021905958
eISSN: 1878-3503


Surveys of the phlebotomine fauna in a focus of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL) in the Al-Hassa oasis, Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia, revealed only one species of Phlebotomus (P. papatasi) and three of Sergentomyia (S. antennata, S. clydei and S. fallax). 11 specimens of P. papatasi from six sites in the oasis were found with promastigotes in the midgut. An isolate from one of the sandflies was typed by the examination of isoenzymes and identified as Leishmania major, zymodeme LON-4 (= Montpellier zymodeme 26), the principal zymodeme of L. major isolated from patients with ZCL in the oasis. Three isolates from leishmanial lesions at sites of the bites of wild caught specimens of P. papatasi were also identified as the same zymodeme of L. major as the isolate from the sandfly. The findings show that P. papatasi is the vector of ZCL in the Al-Hassa oasis and probably in other ecologically similar foci in the Kingdom.


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Last updated on 2019-28-03 at 19:02