Journal article
Analysis and Outcome of 835 Burn Injury admissions to the Burn Unit, King Fahd Hospital of the University, Al Khobar.

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Publication Details
Author list: Fadaak RA, Balial S.G., Hegazi M, AI-Hoqail R., AI-Awad N.
Publisher: Mediterranean Burns Club
Publication year: 1999
Journal: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
Journal name in source: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
Volume number: 12
Issue number: 4
Start page: 1
End page: 3
Number of pages: 3
ISSN: 1592-9558
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SUMMARY. The objective of this study was to determine the magnitude of the problem of burns suffered by patients admitted to the burns unit at King Fahd Hospital of the University (KFLIU) in Saudi Arabia and to suggest possible measures to reduce their incidence.
Burn patients reporting to the KFHU emergency room and admitted to the burns unit during the period between May 19:~3 and April 1994 were analysed. A total of 835 (558 males, 277 females) burn patients were admitted over the 11 yr. Of these, 65.2% (546) were Saudis and the rest non -Saudis. The age ofthe injured ranged from 2 months to 80 yr; children aged under 5 yr (pre-school) constituted 39.0% (324) of all cases. Of the children, 58.3% (183) were male. The hospital stay ranged from as short as zero (deceased) to 21 months (a male child aged 3.5 yr). Domestic burns accounted for the ma ority of cases in the 11 -yr period (87.0%). The lowest annual rate of domestic burns was 80%, during the year 1985, and the highest 93%, in 1993. Scalding, in the majority of cases due to hot liquids, accounted for 52.4% (439) ofall burns, followed by flame, 36.9% (309), electricity, 4.4% (37), and chemical burns, 2.4% (20). The causes ofthe remaining 32 burns (3.8%) were not specified in the patient's record. The total body surface area affected ranged from 1 % to 100~'(,. Of' all the burn patients admitted to the unit, 7.0% (59) discharged themselves against medical advice. The mortality rate was 5.9% (49 deaths). This study showed that pre-school children formed a sizeable proportion of the injured, a finding that underlines the special attention required by this age group. Burns by hot liquids (water, coffee, tea, soup, oil) were the commonest, which again stresses the need for more attention in the home. A health education programme directed towards safety against domestic burns has much to commend it.

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Last updated on 2018-25-12 at 11:25